Guidebook Hiking in Finland

I had so much material for the book (Hiking in Finland – Day Trips and Backpacking Expeditions) that some details had to be left out.

On this page you’ll find these extra bits:

Appendix 3: List of interesting bird species you can see in Finland

Appendix 4: Theme map of interesting destinations to visit with children

Appendix 5: Number systems in Finland

Sources of the citations in the book


Appendix 3: List of interesting bird species you can see in Finland

Here are 60 internationally interesting bird species that you can see/hear in Finland. There is naturally a lot of geographical and seasonal variation, and some species are easy to spot while others are rare. In the case of seeing certain species it is best to take part in a guided tour, e.g. one of those arranged by finnature.com.

Guidebook Hiking in Finland

Siberian jay is considered a luck-bringing bird for a hiker.
Arctic redpoll Arduelis hornemanni
Arctic warbler Phylloscopus borealis
Black grouse Lyrurus tetrix
Black kite Milvus migrans
Black woodpecker Dryocopus martius
Black-throated diver Gavia arctica
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
Blyth’s reed warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum
Broad-billed sandpiper Limicola falcinellus
Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus
Crane Grus grus
Eagle owl Bubo bubo
Golden oriole Oriolus oriolus
Golden plover Pluvialis apricaria
Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Great crested grebe Podiceps cristatus
Great grey owl Strix nebulosa
Great grey shrike Lanius excubitor
Green sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Greenish warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Hawk owl Surnia ulula
Hazel grouse Tetrastes bonasia
Honey buzzard Pernis apivorus
Jack snipe Lymnocryptes minimus
Lapland bunting Calcarius lapponicus
Little bunting Emberiza pusilla
Ortolan bunting Emberiza hortulana
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Parrot crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus
Pine grosbeak Pinicola enucleator
Ptarmigan Lagopus muta
Pygmy owl Glaucidium passerinum
Red-backed shrike Lanius collurio
Red-breasted flycatcher Ficedula parva
Red-flanked bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus
Red-necked phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
Red-throated diver Gavia stellata
Red-throated pipit Anthus cervinus
Redwing Turdus iliacus
Rough-legged buzzard Buteo lagopus
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Rustic bunting Emberiza rustica
Scarlet rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus
Siberian jay Perisoreus infaustus
Siberian tit Parus cinctus
Slavonian grebe Podiceps auritus
Smew Mergellus albellus
Snow bunting Plectrophenax nivalis
Snowy owl Bubo scandiacus
Spotted redshank Tringa erythropus
Tengmalm’s owl Aegolius funereus
Three-toed woodpecker Picoides tridactylus
Ural owl Strix uralensis
Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
White-tailed eagle Haliaeetus albicilla
Willow grouse Lagopus lagopus
Wood sandpiper Tringa glareola
Wryneck Jynx torquilla

The list has been compiled by combining information from:

  • Report 347 in the series Alueelliset ympäristöjulkaisut (Eds. Raimo Heikkilä and Gergely Várkonyi, Vienan Karjalan erämaa-alueiden vaikutus Kainuun vanhan metsän eläinpopulaatioihin), 2004
  • Lecture by Jari Peltomäki (finnature.com), 2017
  • Dirk Hilbers, Crossbill Guides – Finnish Lapland, 2010
  • The author’s own experiences.

For information on these bird species see for example luontoportti.fi.

Appendix 4: Theme map of interesting destinations to visit with children

Although children usually enjoy themselves in the forests and fells, it is a good idea to add some favourite activities for children during a holiday besides hiking. This map shows a selection of about 50 interesting destinations to visit with children, in addition to which there are a multitude of activity parks (see www.hoplop.fi and www.superpark.fi), hundreds of beaches, and so on. And there are dozens of exotic events around Finland every summer. Search the Internet for events in the area you are visiting.

Note that there are many kinds of visitor centres on the map. All of them offer excellent advice on hiking. Many, but not all, also have an exhibition, which is either free or costs very little.

Guidebook Hiking in Finland

The map contains data from the National Land Survey of Finland Topographic Database 05/2019.

This map and list do not attempt to show every spa and every activity park in Finland, but a good selection of them.

What? Where? More information:
Z1 Korkeasaari Zoo Helsinki www.korkeasaari.fi
Z2 Ähtäri Zoo Ähtäri www.ahtarizoo.fi
Z3 Kuusamo Predator Center Kuusamo www.kuusamon-suurpetokeskus.fi
Z4 Ranua Zoo Ranua www.ranuazoo.com
S1 Caribia Spa Hotel Turku www.holidayclub.fi
S2 Ikaalisten Kylpylä (Spa hotel) Ikaalinen www.scandichotels.com
S3 Tampere Spa Hotel Tampere www.holidayclub.fi
S4 Saimaa Spa Hotel Lappeenranta www.holidayclub.fi
S5 Vesileppis Spa Hotel Leppävirta www.vesileppis.fi
S6 Mermaid Spa (Yyteri Hotel) Pori www.yyterinkylpylahotelli.fi
S7 Katinkulta Spa Hotel Sotkamo, Vuokatti www.holidayclub.fi
S8 Kuusamon Tropiikki Spa Hotel Kuusamo www.holidayclub.fi
S9 Salla Spa Hotel Salla www.holidayclub.fi
S10 Luosto Spa Hotel Sodankylä www.laplandhotels.com
S11 Levi Hotel Spa Kittilä www.hotellilevitunturi.fi
S12 Saariselkä Spa Hotel Inari www.holidayclub.fi
Activities like amusement parks, science centres etc.
A1 Linnanmäki Amusement Park Helsinki www.linnanmaki.fi
A2 Heureka, the Finnish Science Centre Vantaa, Tikkurila www.heureka.fi
A3 Moominworld Naantali www.moominworld.fi
A4 Puuhamaa Waterpark Janakkala www.puuhamaa.fi
A5 Särkänniemi Amusement Park Tampere www.sarkanniemi.fi
A6 Powerpark Kauhava www.powerpark.fi
A7 Tykkimäki Amusement Park and Aquapark Kouvola www.tykkimaki.fi
A8 Visulahti, Dinosauria Water and Action park Mikkeli www.visulahti.fi
A9 Kesämaa Waterpark Punkaharju www.punkaharjuresort.fi/en/services/kesamaa
A10 Waterpark Jukupark Kalajoki www.jukupark.fi
A11 Science Centre Tietomaa Oulu www.ouka.fi/oulu/luuppi-english/science-centre-tietomaa
A12 Santapark and Santa Claus Village Rovaniemi www.santapark.com
Nature centres of Metsähallitus (Parks & Wildlife Finland) www.nationalparks.fi/en/naturecentres
N1 Ekenäs Raasepori
N2 Fell Lapland Enontekiö
N3 Haltia Espoo
N4 Hossa Suomussalmi
N5 Häme Tammela
N6 Ivalo Inari
N7 Kalajoki Kalajoki
N8 Kilpisjärvi Enontekiö
N9 Koli Lieksa
N10 Kuhmo, Petola Kuhmo
N11 Kuusamo, Karhuntassu Kuusamo
N12 Liminka Bay Liminka
N13 Northern Lapland, Siida Inari
N14 Oulanka Kuusamo
N15 Pallastunturi Muonio
N16 Pilke Rovaniemi
N17 Pyhä-Luosto Pelkosenniemi
N18 Saariselkä, Kiehinen Inari
N19 Saimaa, Riihisaari Savonlinna
N20 Seitseminen Ylöjärvi
N21 Syöte Pudasjärvi
N22 Yllästunturi, Kellokas Kolari

Appendix 5: Number systems in Finland

In Finland we use the metric system, including degrees Celsius for temperatures. You will not find miles, feet or Fahrenheit anywhere. You get 220 volts out of every wall socket.

The currency is Euros, and there is no tipping culture in Finland. If the restaurant bill says 25.00 euros, you pay 25.00 euros. If you get very good service from a wilderness guide, for example, you can of course pay a little extra, but it is not required.

All payments are rounded to the nearest 5 euro cents, and the 1 and 2 euro cent coins are not used in Finland.

Some conversions:
1 mile = 1.61 kilometres / 1 kilometre = 0.62 miles
1000 square kilometres = 386 square miles = 247 110 acres
–50°C = –58°F / –30°C = –22°F / –10°C = +14°F
0°C = +32°F
+10°C = +50°F / +20°C = +68°F / +25°C = +77°F
1 Euro ~ 1.1 US dollar (as of 2018)
1 Euro ~ 0.9 British Pound (as of 2018)
1 Euro = 100 (euro) cents

Sources of citations in the book:

Aist, Jennifer, Babes in the Woods – Hiking, Camping, Boating with Babies & Young Children. Mountaineers Books, 2010.

Aulio, Olli, Suuri retkeilykirja. Gummerus, 1990.

Gallen-Kallela, Akseli, Kallela-kirja. WSOY, 1924.

Huovinen Veikko 1975, in Pylkkäs-Konsta mehtäämässä. Otava.

Inha, I. K., Suomen maisemia. WSOY, 1909.

Järvinen, A. E., Valitut tarinat. WSOY, 1956.

Kari, Kaarina, Haltin valloitus, Kisakalliosäätiö 1978.

Kemppinen, Kullervo, Lumikuru. WSOY 1958.

Kivi, Aleksis, Seitsemän veljestä. SKS, 1870.

Kokko, Yrjö, Neljän tuulen tie. WSOY, 1947.

Laaksonen Mervi, in Taïga by Mervi Laaksonen, Eero Kemilä and Yves Fagniart. Regard du Vivant 2016.

Linna, Väinö, Tuntematon sotilas. WSOY, 1954.

Linnilä, Kai & al. (toim.), Olaus Magnus / Suomalaiset pohjoisten kansojen historiassa. Tammi, 2002. (Original 1539.)

Reims, Henrik B., in book Kari Suomela, Pohjoisnapa – Jäinen haaste. Poppicok, 2006.

Soini, Tuulikki, Petsamo – tuulien kotimaa. Gummerus, 1985.

Sorjonen, T. I., Eräretkeilyn opas. Suomen Latu, 1949.

Taskinen, Keijo and Seppo Leinonen, Villiä elämää! Metsästäjäin Keskusjärjestö, 2000.

ATTENTION! If you live in Finland and want to learn about Finnish nature, and at the same time about Finnish language, I recommend book “Ensi askeleet Suomen luontoon – First Steps into Finland’s Nature” by Pekka Tenhunen, published in 2018. The book is a horn of plenty on all things related to Finnish nature, and all the texts are both in English and in Finnish. In addition there are multilingual vocabularies in ten languages.

I had so much material for the book (Hiking in Finland – Day Trips and Backpacking Expeditions) that some details had to be left out. That’s what this page is about: those extra bits.